By Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic at the Faculty of Oriental Studies Geoffrey Khan

Being direct descendants of the Aramaic spoken through the Jews in antiquity, the nonetheless spoken Jewish Neo-Aramaic dialects of Kurdistan deserve detailed and shiny curiosity. Geoffrey Khan's A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic is a different checklist of 1 of those dialects, now at the verge of extinction. This quantity, the results of vast fieldwork, incorporates a description of the dialect spoken by means of the Jews from the zone of Arbel (Iraqi Kurdistan), including a transcription of recorded texts and a thesaurus. The grammar includes sections on phonology, morphology and syntax, preceded via an introductory bankruptcy studying the location of this dialect when it comes to the opposite identified Neo-Aramaic dialects. The transcribed texts list folktales and money owed of customs, traditions and reports of the Jews of Kurdistan.

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Extra resources for A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic. The dialect of the Jews of Arbel

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Region referred to their Neo-Aramaic dialect by various names. e. naming a word that is considered a distinctive characteristic of the dialect). IV. The influence of other languages In the Aramaie speech of my informants there are many Hebrew elements. Some of the Hebrew lexical items appear to have been present in the dialect as it was spoken in Iraq. g. Sabbat 'Sabbath', tora 'Torah', mi$wa 'meritorious act', {äref 'ritually unclean', J:tuppa 'marriage canopy'. g. arge proportion of the Hebrew elements are loans from Modern Israeli Hebrew.

On the basis of these considerations the I$1 can be identified as the primary emphatic and the forms are transcribed as tar$iwiilu and tari$ respectively. g. J*t~n), taxnlwiile [trex'ni:wa:le:J 'they ground it' (B:117), ~a/mu [srel'mu:] 'their face' (L: 224 < *~almii). tl, which is generally pronounced with aspiration. In most cases it can be shown that the weakening of 2 The spreading of emphasis to the entire word is not so widespread in Jewish Arbel as it is in the Jewish and Christian dialects of Urmia; cf.

At the time of my fieldwork, the informants were in their seventies, or at the youngest, their late sixties. They emigrated to Israel in 1951 and settled in various parts of the country. arge number of immigrants from the Arbe! region. Their details are as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Mordechai Larza (= informant L): Resident of the town of Arbe!. Bilingual speaker of Arabic and Aramaic. ). ), cousin of Mordechai Larza. ). Same of these informants were not fixed in one place of residence all the time but moved araund the Arbe!

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A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic. The dialect of the Jews of Arbel by Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic at the Faculty of Oriental Studies Geoffrey Khan


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