By Charles Gehring
In 1634, the Dutch West India corporation was once frightened to grasp why the fur exchange from New Netherland have been declining, so the corporate despatched 3 staff some distance into Iroquois nation to enquire. Harmen Meyndertsz van den Bogaert led the excursion from castle Orange (present-day Albany, NY). His is the earliest recognized description of the inner of what's at the present time manhattan kingdom and its seventeenth-century local population.
Van den Bogaert was once a willing observer, and his magazine isn't just a regular log of the place the excursion occasion traveled; it's also an in depth account of the Mohawks and the Oneidas: the settlements, modes of subsistence, and therapeutic rituals. Van den Bogaert's outstanding wordlist is the earliest recognized recorded vocabulary of the Mohawk language.
Gehring's translation and Starna's annotations supply vital fabric for anthropologists, ethnohistorians, linguists, and somebody with a different curiosity in local American reports. Michelson's present additions to the wordlist of Mohawk equivalents with English glosses (wherever attainable) and his professional research of the language within the local American passages provide a worthy new size to this version of the journal.
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Extra resources for A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition
8. Gehring, “Van Rensselaer Letter,” 28. On the founding and growth of the village that would become Albany, see Venema, Beverwijck. 9. Van Laer, trans. , Van Rensselaer Bowier Manuscripts, 26, 271n14, 817. 10. ” 11. Fischer, Champlain’s Dream, 6. 12. Fischer, Champlain’s Dream, 327–34. 13. O’Callaghan, Register of New Netherland, 124; Van Laer, trans. , New York Historical Manuscripts, 1:54, 271, 2:194. 14. Van Laer, trans. , New York Historical Manuscripts, 1:60– 61, 4:59. 15. O’Callaghan, Register of New Netherland, 31, 48; Van Laer, trans.
In 1646 he skippered the Jager, and by August 1647, he was master of Valckenier. 18 INTRODUCTION xxxiii Van den Bogaert’s career took a sudden turn in fall 1647, when he fled into the Mohawk Valley to avoid answering a charge of sodomy committed with his black servant Tobias. Taking refuge with the same people he had visited thirteen years before, where he was said to be “living as an Indian,” he found himself pursued by Hans Vos, assigned the task of his capture by the court at Fort Orange. Cornered by Vos in an Indian house, Van den Bogaert reportedly set it ablaze in an unsuccessful attempt to cover his escape.
46 I asked him whether there were French Indians near the Sinnekens. He said yes, and I was pleased, and thought that I would then reach my objective. 47 10 JOURNEY INTO MOHAWK AND ONEIDA COUNTRY December 22. In the morning at sunrise we crossed the stream together. It was over our knees and was so cold that our stockings and shoes quickly froze as hard as armorplate. The Indians dared not cross there, but went 2 by 2 with a stick from hand to hand. 48 It had 14 houses and a tame bear. We went in and smoked a pipe of tobacco because the old man, who was our guide, was very tired.
A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition by Charles Gehring