By Murray Friedman, Albert D. Chernin

ISBN-10: 1611686660

ISBN-13: 9781611686661

Because the early Sixties, a few 1.3 million Jews from the Soviet Union and its successor states have immigrated to the West, basically to Israel and the U.S.. principally end result of the creative and skillful mobilization efforts of Jews and their acquaintances during the international this nice exodus had vital ramifications for US relatives with the Soviet Union/Russia and Israel. moreover, the good fortune of yankee Jews in mounting and maintaining this lobbying attempt represented a coming of age for the group, which on a couple of a long time ahead of have been not able to extricate hundreds of thousands of Jews from Europe and the Nazis. This booklet, half background, half occasion, combines essays by way of students with memoirs and primary hand bills to chronicle this notable rescue undertaking.

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Joseph Shapiro described the plot in the 1954 American Jewish Yearbook as “an unheard of outbreak of anti-Semitism. Together with the agents of [Lavrenti] Beria’s [secret police] apparatus . . Jews were to be made scapegoats for all the failures and crimes of the Friedman & Chernin: A Second Exodus 20 page 20 ov e rv i e w Soviet regime. . [To this end] a worldwide ‘Jewish conspiracy’ was invented. . All this was accompanied by a barrage of propaganda . . to show . . Jews . . [as] traitors, spies, imperialist agents, embezzlers and outright murderers .

Kennedy was well prepared; he had received, at his request, a memorandum on the problem drafted by Feldman and the State Department. 52 Also in August, Lewis H. Weinstein, then chairman of NCRAC and a longtime friend of Kennedy from Boston, raised the issue of Soviet Jewry with the president. Kennedy told Weinstein he would ask Averell Harriman to raise the issue of Soviet Jews with Khrushchev, with whom he was engaged in discussions in Moscow on a nuclear test ban. Weinstein’s discussion led him to draft an extensive memorandum on the issue for Attorney General Robert Kennedy, to whom he knew the president turned on certain Soviet issues.

George N. Shuster, Upton Sinclair, Reinhold Niebuhr, Sidney Hook, Edgar Alan Mowrer, and Horace Kallen. They urged “freedom-loving individuals . . ” In a letter to the New York Times, seven prominent American writers (Saul Bellow, Leslie Fiedler, Irving Howe, Alfred Kazin, Philip Rahv, Lionel Trilling, and Robert Penn Warren) appealed to the Soviet government to permit Jews to emigrate, noting that Israel and other countries were ready to receive them. Eleanor Roosevelt expressed her concerns about Soviet government discrimination against Jews in a meeting with Khrushchev, who rejected the accusation.

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A Second Exodus: The American Movement to Free Soviet Jews by Murray Friedman, Albert D. Chernin

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