By Matt Garcia
Tracing the historical past of intercultural fight and cooperation within the citrus belt of larger l. a., Matt Garcia explores the social and cultural forces that helped make the town the expansive and assorted city that it truly is this present day. because the citrus-growing areas of the San Gabriel and Pomona Valleys in japanese l. a. County extended through the early 20th century, the rural there constructed alongside segregated strains, essentially among white landowners and Mexican and Asian employees. before everything, those groups have been sharply divided. yet l. a., in contrast to different agricultural areas, observed very important possibilities for intercultural alternate improve round the arts and inside of multiethnic group teams. no matter if fostered in such casual settings as dance halls and theaters or in such formal agencies because the Intercultural Council of Claremont or the Southern California harmony Leagues, those interethnic encounters shaped the foundation for political cooperation to handle exertions discrimination and resolve difficulties of residential and academic segregation. although intercultural collaborations weren't continuously profitable, Garcia argues that they represent a big bankruptcy not just in Southern California's social and cultural improvement but additionally within the higher heritage of yank race relatives.
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Extra resources for A World of Its Own: Race, Labor, and Citrus in the Making of Greater Los Angeles, 1900-1970
Climate was the principal environmental factor that made Southern California an ideal location for the commercial production of citrus fruits. Low-lying fog and cool breezes from the Paciﬁc Ocean chilled the coastal plains and made frost a constant concern for farmers. Oﬀ the valley ﬂoor, foothills rose above the onshore ﬂow of heavy, moist air providing warmer conditions more favorable to citrus. Higher up the mountain soil became too rocky for agriculture and the threat of frost increased during the chilly winter months.
Part One This page intentionally left blank This citrus belt complex of peoples, institutions, and relationships has no parallel in rural life in America and nothing quite like it exists elsewhere in California. It is neither town nor country, neither rural nor 1 urban. It is a world of its own. —Carey McWilliams, Southern California Country: An Island on the Land The deal Country Life The Development of Citrus Suburbs in Southern California Citrus fruit has always possessed a unique status among the many crops that make up California’s vast agroecosystem.
22 By 1918, the agency maintained a department entirely devoted to agriculture and allied industries. Headed by the indefatigable George Pigeon Clements, the department quickly grew into one of the most inﬂuential government agencies in California and the West, inﬂuencing farm operations from Fresno to the Mexican border. Clements believed that the prosperity of a great city or metropolis depended on its ability not only to feed itself, but also to dominate regional, and if possible, national markets.
A World of Its Own: Race, Labor, and Citrus in the Making of Greater Los Angeles, 1900-1970 by Matt Garcia