By Michael L. Anderson

ISBN-10: 0262320673

ISBN-13: 9780262320672

The pc analogy of the brain has been as generally followed in modern cognitive neuroscience as used to be the analogy of the mind as a suite of organs in phrenology. simply because the phrenologist could insist that every organ should have its specific functionality, so modern cognitive neuroscience is dedicated to the inspiration that every mind quarter should have its basic computation. In After Phrenology, Michael Anderson argues that to accomplish an absolutely post-phrenological technology of the mind, we have to reconsider this dedication and devise another, neuroscientifically grounded taxonomy of psychological function.

Anderson contends that the cognitive roles performed by means of every one zone of the mind are hugely a variety of, reflecting diversified neural partnerships validated lower than various situations. He proposes quantifying the useful homes of neural assemblies by way of their dispositional traits instead of their computational or information-processing operations. Exploring larger-scale matters, and drawing on proof from embodied cognition, Anderson develops an image of considering rooted within the exploitation and extension of our early-evolving ability for iterated interplay with the realm. He argues that the multidimensional method of the mind he describes bargains a far better healthy for those findings, and a extra promising street towards a unified technological know-how of minded organisms.

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Extra resources for After Phrenology: How to Study the Brain

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For example, Russell Poldrack (2006) estimated the selectivity of Broca’s area by performing a Bayesian analysis of 3,222 imaging studies from the BrainMap database (Laird et al. 2005). He concludes that current evidence for the notion that Broca’s area is a “language” region is fairly weak, in part because it was more frequently activated by nonlanguage tasks than by language-related ones. Similarly, several statistical analyses of experiments from large collections of neuroimaging results (Anderson et al.

2 Task diversity of brain regions. 11 12 Chapter 1 To examine the second prediction we performed a functional coactivation analysis of 1,127 experimental tasks from the data set (Anderson & Penner-Wilger 2013), falling into 10 of the BrainMap task domains (Fox et al. 2005; for this study we excluded action inhibition, as it contained too few experiments for this approach). In a functional connectivity analysis (Anderson, Brumbaugh, & Şuben 2010), one looks to see how often regions of the brain coactivate under various task conditions.

Because the effect is mediated by a mapping of emotional valence on a spatial schema, the finding seems to most naturally support conceptual metaphor theory. The fact that the effect was bidirectional—recounting memories affected movement, and movement affected memory retrieval—is a striking detail that seems to suggest direct neural support for the mapping. 3 Reuse of Structures Mediated by Spatial Cognition Many of the apparent overlaps between higher-order cognition and sensorimotor systems appear to be mediated by spatial schemas in this way.

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After Phrenology: How to Study the Brain by Michael L. Anderson

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